School bullying has the potential to leave its targets with a wide range variety of long-term effects. Research from Carlisle and Rofes found that the targets of bullying almost universally link their childhood bullying to the difficulties they now have in relationships, particularly in making friendships, belonging to groups, dealing with authority figures, facing conflict, and in relating to their significant others.
At Nobully.org we find that children are exposed to bullying as soon as a child enters kindergarten or first grade. In fact, more students feel victimized and excluded in the early grades than at any other point of their school career. (Over 22% according to Kochenderfer & Ladd’s study of kindergarteners in the Midwest.) Even more shockingly, the research shows that many of these students remain the “student that no-one wants to play with” as they travel up the school.